China: PU Letter requirement for work purposes waived

In brief

Mainland China continues to ease entry requirements for foreign nationals. Effective 6 June 2022, local foreign affairs offices in China announced they would lift the PU Letter requirement for foreign nationals who work in China and their dependent family members. Accordingly, Chinese embassies and consulates overseas also started to adjust their requirements to ease the visa application for such foreign nationals. They also started processing student visas for qualified foreign students. Nevertheless, a PU Letter is still required for business visa applicants.


Key takeaways

According to the new policy, foreign nationals who meet one of the following conditions no longer need a PU letter to apply for entry visas:

  • Foreign nationals who will work in China and have successfully applied for a Notification Letter of Foreigner's Work Permit (WPNL).
  • Foreign nationals who hold a valid China Work Permit ("WP").
  • Dependent family members of the above-mentioned foreign nationals, including spouses and children under 18 years old.

Below we summarize the current commonly available entry visa categories and corresponding PU Letter requirements. Visa applicants should confirm with the relevant Chinese embassies and consulates their specific requirements prior to the application.

Visa Category Purpose Requirement
M visa  Commercial and trade   - PU Letter for business is required. 
F visa Exchange and visits - PU Letter for business is required.  
Z visa Work

- PU Letter is NOT  required. 

- WPNL or WP is required.

S1/S2 visa Family visit 

- PU Letter is NOT  required.    

 - Relationship certificate is required.

Q1/Q2 visa Reunion     

- PU Letter is NOT  required.    

 - Relationship certificate is required.

X1/X2 visa     Study

- PU Letter is NOT  required.    

 - JW201/JW202 form is required.

R visa  Talent

- PU Letter is NOT  required.    

 - Confirmation Letter for High-Level Foreign Talent is required.




















Following the visa facilitation policy implemented in mid-March 2021 for applicants who are fully inoculated with Chinese-made COVID-19 vaccines, the partial lifting of the PU Letter requirement is another big step towards reopening the border, though tourist visas, transition visas and visa-exemption policies continue to be suspended until further notice.


Zora Mao is an associate of FenXun Partners who is a premier Chinese law firm. FenXun established a Joint Operation Office with Baker McKenzie in China as Baker McKenzie FenXun which was approved by the Shanghai Justice Bureau in 2015.

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