The decree divides Moscow companies into two categories:
1) Companies that remain open to visitors (customers)
These include wholesale and retail businesses selling medicines, medical products, food and essential goods; producers of protective equipment and disinfectants; as well as companies in the defense industry and several other essential sectors.
Such companies must minimize the number of employees working on their premises to the extent viable, depending on the company's specific needs.
2) Companies that must not allow visitors
These are all other businesses that provide services and manufacture goods, such as computer and electrical equipment manufacturers; organizations engaged in market research, renting and leasing; recruiting agencies, accounting firms, etc.2
Such companies must remain closed to visitors and may only allow essential staff on their premises, such as:
- security personnel and facilities maintenance workers;
- employees responsible for technical processes that cannot be suspended; and
- payroll dept. employees.
Other employees must work remotely or take paid leave.
On 13 April 2020, Moscow will implement a system of digital passes for travel on any type of transport.3 As of 15 April 2020, such documents will become mandatory, including for trips to and from work and for business trips around the city, if the
company is permitted to operate and if the presence of an employee at the workplace is absolutely necessary. Digital passes for business trips will be valid through 30 April 2020 with no restrictions on the number of trips or route.
Requests for digital passes must be made by employees, not employers. An employee who needs to travel around the city can obtain a digital pass by filing an application on the official website of the Mayor of Moscow and the Government of Moscow, by calling the Moscow Government's unified reference service (+7-495- 777-77-77) or by sending an SMS message to 7377.
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1 Decree of the Mayor of Moscow of 10 April 2020 No. 42-UM "Amending Decree of Mayor of Moscow of 5 March 2020 No. 12-UM"
2 Annex 3 to the Moscow Mayor's Decree
3 Decree of the Mayor of Moscow of 11 April 2020 No. 43-UM "On Approving the procedure for issuing and using digital passes for movement throughout the territory of Moscow during the period of high alert regime in Moscow