Vietnam: Proposed regulations on mandatory recycling for packaging waste under new Draft Decree implementing the new Law on Environmental Protection

A redesigned focus on sustainable solutions for managing packaging waste

In brief

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) released a Draft Decree implementing Law No. 72/2020/QH14 on Environmental Protection ("Draft Decree") which introduces Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) in the form of a mandatory recycling framework for packaging waste management in Vietnam ("Recycling Obligations"), as well as EPR obligations applicable to product recycling and waste treatment.1 It is proposed that EPR for packaging waste would enter into force from 1 January 2023.2


Under the Draft Decree, producers and importers subject to Recycling Obligations for product packaging will need to:

  1. recycle, or arrange for the recycling of packaging according to the mandatory recycling rate and specifications; or
  2. make a financial contribution to the Vietnam Environmental Protection Fund.

The Draft Decree subjects producers and importers of packaging in the following categories to Recycling Obligations:

  • Food and beverages;
  • Detergents, cosmetics, shampoo and conditioners, and pharmaceuticals; and
  • Other products in paper, plastic, or metal boxes and containers or used in transporting or packing plastic goods (bottles, jars, boxes, cases, barrels) with a capacity of more than 500 ml.

This alert will highlight the following topics:

  • Recycling Obligations in detail
  • Exemptions from Recycling Obligations
  • Packaging-specific recycling requirements
  • Penalties for non-compliance

EPR obligations applicable to product recycling and waste treatment will be explored in subsequent alerts.

Click here to access the full alert.

1 Draft Decree implementing Law No. 72/2020/QH14 on Environmental Protection, Art. 87(2).

2 Ibid, Appendix 55.

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